Research
Copyright notice:

The copyright for all the articles made available on this website is held by the authors and / or the publishers. You are requested to contact us in case you wish to use any of these references,and for details pertaining to citation and use of this material. Use of this material without permission is a violation of copyright.


Work Orientations and Responses to Career Choices: Indian Regional Survey (WORCC-IRS): Draft Report

Reference: Arulmani, G., & Nag, S. (2006). Work orientations and responses to career choices: Indian regional survey (WORCC-IRS). Bangalore, India: The Promise Foundation.
Summary: In 2005, The Promise Foundation (TPF) completed a national survey called Work Orientations and Responses to Career Choices: Indian Regional Survey (WORCC-IRS), in 12 different parts of India, in 8 different languages, covering a sample of close to 10,000 Indian young people. This survey generated a robust data base pertaining to young people's orientations to work and livelihoods, and provided deep insights into the career choice process in India. The Jiva Project emerged from the findings of this survey. Download


Career Psychology and Career Counselling: Core concepts for a Work and Education curriculum

Reference: Arulmani G (2005). Career Psychology and Career Counselling: Core concepts for a Work and Education curriculum. Presented at the National Council for Education, Research's and Training(NCERT) consultation on a National Curriculum Framework, Sevagram, India
Summary: The Promise Foundation was requested by the National Council for Education, Research and Training (NCERT), Government of India to write a concept note for its National Curriculum Framework on Work Education section. This document presents the details of the presentation made and the concept note. Download


Pride and Prejudice: How do they matter to career development?

Reference: Arulmani G (2005). Pride and prejudice: How do they matter to career development? Invited Annual Lecture delivered at the Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby, United Kingdom.
Summary: The paper examines the impact of occupational pride and prejudice on the emergence of orientations to work, career and livelihoods and the implications this has for careers research and the practice of career counselling in a globalising world. The paper highlights the author's observations in the United Kingdom, as well as other European and Scandinavian countries that the career counselling needs of the 'natives' of these countries differ from the needs of those who have come from 'outside. It seems possible the mindsets of prevailing at 'home' continue to influence migrants' career preparation even as they build their lives in their adopted countries. Download


Career Counselling Needs of Immigrants

Reference: Arulmani, G., & Nag-Arulmani, S. (2002). Home away from home: some clues to address the career counselling needs of immigrants. World Congress of the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance Warsaw: Poland: International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance.
Summary: This paper is based on the authors' observations of career development behaviour in India. The information presented could have relevance to careers researchers and practitioners who work in multicultural contexts and are interested in developing a deeper understanding of how cultural and socioeconomic factors prevailing in immigrants' countries of origin could continue to have an influence on their career development. Download


Career Development and Socioeconomic Status

Reference: Arulmani, G., van Laar, D., & Easton, S. (2003). The influence of career beliefs and socio-economic status on the career decision-making of high school students in India. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 3, 193-204.
Summary: The present study was conducted in India and examined the impact of socioeconomic factors and the variables of self-efficacy and career beliefs on the career planning orientation of 755 high school boys from disadvantaged backgrounds. The children of illiterate and unemployed parents exhibited the highest tendency to prematurely discontinue education and enter the world of work as unskilled labourers. A significant effect of parent employment on self-efficacy was found, indicating that respondents whose parents had full time employment had higher self efficacy scores than those whose parents were unemployed. This study also presents information regarding the translation of existing measures of socioeconomic status and self-efficacy into Kannada, a South Indian language. Download


Developing Skills Literacy

Reference: Arulmani, G. (1998b). Developing skill literacy: Interventions against unemployment. Voices for Change, 2(2), 15-17
Summary: This article defines the concept of skill literacy and highlights ideas that could prevent unemployment. Download


Investigations into Career Beliefs

Reference: Arulmani, G., Van laar D, & Easton, S. (2002). Career Belief Patterns Scale (Version 1): A background to the construction and development of norms for the scale (Monograph). Bangalore, India: The Promise Foundation.
Summary: The notion of Career Beliefs plays a central role in the Jiva approach to career counselling. The Career Belief Patters Scale (CBPS) was developed as a tool to aid our investigations into career choice behaviour in India. This article provides further details regarding the construction of the scale and the development of norms for interpretation of the scores obtained from the CBPS. Download


Learning Skills and Career Development Needs of boys in a Juvenile Home

Reference: Arulmani, G., & Das, M. (2000). Learning skills and career development: Addressing the needs of boys in a Juvenile Home. Occasional Publications From The Promise Foundation.
Summary: This is a presentation made to the Department of Women and Child Development,Government of Karnataka and reports The Promise Foundation's intervention to promote learning skills and career maturity amongst adolescent boys who had been remanded to judicial custody. Download


Multiple Potentials - a background

Reference: Excerpt from: Arulmani, G., & Nag-Arulmani, S. (2004). Career Counselling: A Handbook. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw Hill.
Summary: Howard Gardner (1983) presented the Theory of Multiple Intelligences, that redefined our understanding of human intelligence. The Promise Foundation through interactions with the author of the theory, has adapted these ideas and applied them to the practice of career counselling. This article presents an overview of our adaptation and application of the idea of multiple potentials to career counselling. Download


Skill Literacy and work experience

Reference: Excerpt from: Arulmani, G., & Nag-Arulmani, S. (2004). Career Counselling: A Handbook. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw Hill.
Summary: This is an article that could be used to help young people understand the meaning and importance of becoming skill literate. Download


Career Development Bridge

Reference: Excerpt from: Arulmani, G., & Nag-Arulmani, S. (2004). Career Counselling: A Handbook. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw Hill.
Summary: A wide variety of factors ranging from socio-economic disadvantage to reversals in the labour market could cause discontinuities in career development. This article present the notion of a 'career development bridge' as a counselling tool to help young people achieve long term goals though short-term activities in the here and now. Download


Career Preparation Process Model

Reference: Excerpt from: Arulmani, G., & Nag-Arulmani, S. (2004). Career Counselling: A Handbook. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw Hill.
Summary: This article presents an overview of the Career Preparation Process Model, with illustrations and a pictorial representation of the model. Download


Impact of career counselling interventions

Reference: Arulmani, G., & Abdulla, A. (2007). Capturing the ripples: Addressing the sustainability of the impact of social marketing. Social Marketing Quarterly, 13(4), 84-107.
Summary: This article reports the development and implementation of a social marketing campaign that was designed to address the interactions between employment seekers and employment providers in the Republic of Maldives. The campaign was implemented in an environment of negative mindsets among young people toward skill-based training and occupations. A part of the overall strategy was a career counseling program which followed the campaign to provide a contextually grounded structure and system for making effective career choices. The article examines the relative and combined impact of social marketing and career guidance on the targeted behaviors and attitudes. Download


Country strategy for the implementation of careers services: Case study of the Republic of Maldives

Reference: Arulmani, G. (2007). Employment skills training project (ESTP-ADB-2028-MLD): Career guidance and social marketing component. Male, Republic of Maldives: Ministry of Higher Education, Employment and Social Services.
Summary: Employment Skills Training Project: Asian Development Bank (September 2006 - May 2007): Funded by the Asian Development Bank, this project was executed for the Ministry of Higher Education and Employment. The project developed a social marketing strategy and a national career guidance and counselling system including curriculum development, training and capacity building. Download


Desiderata: Towards indigenous models of vocational psychology

Reference: Leong, F. T. L., & Pearce, M. (2011). Desiderata: towards indigenous models of vocational psychology. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 11(2), 65-77.
Summary: As a result of a relative lack of cross-cultural validity in most current (Western) psychological models, indigenous models of psychology have recently become a popular approach for understanding behaviour in specific cultures. Such models would be valuable to vocational psychology research with culturally diverse populations. Problems facing current psychological models and methods of improving cultural validity are discussed. An integrative model of cross-cultural psychology is reviewed and the relevance of indigenous psychological methods to the advancement of vocational psychology is explained. Download


Striking the Right Note: The Cultural Preparedness Approach to Developing Resonant Career Guidance Programmes

Reference: Arulmani, G. (2011). Striking the Right Note: The Cultural Preparedness Approach to Developing Resonant Career Guidance Programmes. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 11(2), 79 - 93.
Summary: Cultural preparedness is presented as a conceptual framework that could guide the development of culture-resonant interventions. The Jiva careers programme is presented as a case study to illustrate a method of career and livelihood planning based upon Indian epistemology and cultural practices. Social cognitive environments and career beliefs are discussed as key factors that characterise a group's orientation to career development. An impact analysis is described. Traditional knowledge is highlighted as an important resource for constructing career guidance programmes to address the needs of clients from different cultural heritages. Download


Traditional occupations in a modern world: Implications for career guidance and livelihood planning.

Reference: Ratnam, A. (2011). Traditional occupations in a modern world: Implications for career guidance and livelihood planning. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 11(2), 96-109.
Summary: This article is an attempt to examine the place and significance of traditional occupations as careers in today's world. The areas of tension and compatibility between ideas and values that signify modernity and the practice of traditional occupations are reviewed. The meaning of ''traditional occupations'' is unravelled, the potential that traditional occupations in agriculture and crafts offer for building inclusive and sustainable societies is explored, and attention is drawn to the implications of such potential for career guidance practice. Download


Re-thinking support: The hidden school-to-work challenges for individuals with special needs

Reference: Nag, S. (2011). Re-thinking support: The hidden school-to-work challenges for individuals with special needs. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 11(2), 125-138.
Summary: This paper examines the hidden challenges experienced by individual's with special needs during the transition years between school and work. An assessment framework is proposed that covers domains of difficulties, developmental tasks during the transition years, the matrix of support within the homecommunity- institutions ecosystems, and the individual's personal profile of schooling experience, academic attainments, interests, aptitudes and sense of self determination. The paper ends with a model for intervention addressing self-efficacy and the social cognitive environment of the individual. Download


Past adolescence, into and across adulthood: Career crises and major decisions.

Reference: Bakshi.J.A. (2011). Past adolescence, into and across adulthood: Career crises and major decisions. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 11(2), 139-154.
Summary: Career-related crises and major decisions, support for these, and job satisfaction were surveyed in 124 varied individual's from Mumbai, India. All participants were in the post-career-entry stage and engaged in paid work; they differed with regard to age (range 18-75 years), sex, marital status, religion, education, occupation, income, and privilege. Most had experienced career-related crises and major decisions post-career-entry and had relied mainly on self, friends and spouse. Satisfaction with support was high; job satisfaction was moderately high. Important differences across privilege level and gender were obtained. Download

The Promise Foundation's areas of research and intervention extend also to Early Childhood Education and Literacy Acquisition.

Click here to access our papers and publications in these areas.